Wednesday, May 20, 2020
Monday, May 18, 2020
Coral Bleaching Coral reefs are the most biodiverse ecosystem on the planet. There are more than 25,000 known species of organisms and countless others that have yet to be identified (Helvarg, 2000). Reefs thrive on the shallow edge of tropical seas, most often on the eastern edge of continents along warm water currents that brush the coasts. Reefs cannot live in cold waters and are limited by ocean depth and available sunlight. Coral is the foundation of the reef community, providing a three-dimensional structure where thousands of species of vertebrates and invertebrates live and feed. Some species of coral are hard, while others soft. Some are branched, yet others are compact and rounded. Coral is made up of largeÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Coral bleaching is normally characterized by the expulsion of the zooxanthellae algae, loss of algal pigmentation, or both. Coral bleaching events have had serious effects on corals and reefs worldwide. What is crucial to the understanding of zooxa nthellae expulsion and bleaching is how the density of zooxanthellae within the coral is changing, if at all, under the prevailing range of environmental conditions (Gates and Edmunds, 1999). Over the last twenty years, there has been a dramatic increase in both the frequency and intensity of coral bleaching events. Sixty major bleaching events have been reported between 1960 and 1979, whereas only nine were reported prior to 1979 (Huppert and Stone, 1998). Given the dependence of the coral on this symbiotic algae, it is important to determine the cause of these bleaching events. According to Helvarg (2000, p.12): Coral reefsÃ¢â¬ ¦ are fragile structures living within a narrow range of temperature, clarity, salinity and chemistry. Even a slight increase in ocean temperature, or increased CO2Ã¢â¬ ¦ can cause stresses such as bleachingÃ¢â¬ ¦ These stresses slow the rate of growth of the corralsÃ¢â¬ ¦ With some 60 percent of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s coral reefs now losing productivi ty, itÃ¢â¬â¢s becoming a global crisis and a scientific mystery. Scientists have been trying to solve this scientific mystery by evaluating each environmental conditionShow MoreRelated Coral Bleaching793 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesCoral Bleaching Abstract Coral reefs have been called the rainforests of the ocean and are one of the most diverse and important ecosystems on the planet. This paper will explore how global warming has effected these fragile ecosystems. It will focus on the impact of increasing ocean temperatures on coral reefs. Coral Reefs Coral reefs exist globally from 30N to 30S latitude and have existed in some form on Earth for over 200 million years. Over 2500 species of coral have been identifiedRead MoreThe Effects Of Bleaching On Coral Reefs1612 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesmarvelous selection of coral reefs all of which house copious species of coral. Many of these coral are the key element in a marine ecosystem by providing food, shelter and protection for the underwater community. However, this ecosystem is threatened due to the events of coral bleaching, as this event kills the coral and the creatures dependent on them. Without coral, these creatures will become more vulnerable and may be at risk of endangerment or extinction. Bleaching doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t just affect theRead More Coral Reefs And Bleaching Phenomenon Essay1452 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageswe will find an equally dynamic environment in the depths of our worldÃ¢â¬â¢s coral reefs. As a Zoology major, I quickly decided to explore this biological component of the ocean environment. In the following paper, I will provide a general overview of coral reefs and examine the alarming depletion of coral and their ecological symbionts in a process known as coral bleaching. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;As mentioned earlier, coral reefs are among the most diverse and productive of all communities on EarthRead MoreCoral Bleaching And Its Impact On Coral Reef Ecosystems1698 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagescurrently know about coral bleaching and its impact on coral reef ecosystems. It analyses the scientific evidence linking coral bleaching to climate change and other anthropogenic activities. It also focuses on the importance of ecosystem services provided by coral reefs, and the socio-economic and environmental impacts of coral bleaching. The paper concludes with a set of recommendations and mitigation strategies to slow down the rate of coral bleaching, thus allowing coral reefs to adapt and developRead More Bleaching Away the Beauty of Coral Reefs Essay2308 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesstart surveying the coral reefs around you, something catches your eye. The coral has turned white, and no longer moves with life. This whiteness seems to have spread over a large area of t he reef. You no longer see the colorful branches swaying in the current, or the schools of tropical fish swimming through the leaves. This death-ridden reef will never have the same life it once had. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;This phenomenon is known as coral reef bleaching. This makes corals unattractive andRead MoreCoral Reef Bleaching : A Serious Problem That Should Be Addressed Immediately844 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesArgumentative Paper Coral reef bleaching is a serious problem that should be addressed immediately. Coral reef bleaching is an issue because of the damage done to the coral, and the damage done to the ecosystem associated with coral reefs. Some proposed solutions are that more areas of coral reefs should be protected, and sunscreens should be banned in and near the reefs. Coral reefs are living structures comprised of the exoskeletons of a marine organism known as polyps. Polyps are animals thatRead MoreThe Bleaching Of Coral And Its Effects On Human Activities976 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesCorals are greatly complex organisms that help buffer the ocean and provided an ecosystem for many other marine organisms but the coral and therefore these ecosystems are in immense threat. The decrease of coral cover is increasing with a 50% decrease seen from the years 1985-2012 (1). This is not just due to the natural threats of predators like COTS and large scale weather events like cyclones but also due to human activities such as overfishing, pollution, disturbance in the reef and global warmingRead MoreEssay about Bleaching of Coral is Harming the Environment2094 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesMETHODS Bleaching occurrences have happened before the 1980s; however detailed information could not be gathered due to lack of reporting (Berkelmans, DeÃ¢â¬â¢ath and Kininmonth). In 1911, the first bleaching event was reported at Bird Key Reef in the Florida Keys, in which unfamiliar warm weathers caused Ã¢â¬Å"injuryÃ¢â¬ upon the corals and the death of many fishes (Berkelmans, DeÃ¢â¬â¢ath and Kininmonth). In 1998, the worst bleaching event was recorded. In some parts of the world, live corals were completely harmedRead MoreBleaching Away the Beauty of Coral Reefs2340 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesBleaching Away the Beauty of Coral Reefs Pretend you are about to go scuba diving in the ocean. You jump in the water and begin to sink down. As you start surveying the coral reefs around you, something catches your eye. The coral has turned white, and no longer moves with life. This whiteness seems to have spread over a large area of the reef. You no longer see the colorful branches swaying in the current, or the schools of tropical fish swimming through the leaves. This death-ridden reefRead More The Effects of Global Warming On Coral Reefs Essay976 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe Effects of Global Warming On Coral Reefs Graphs Missing Introduction: The effects of global warming touch every human, animal, plant, ocean, landmass, and atmosphere level on this planet. The numerous effects of global warming are mixes of good and bad results, depending on how your definition of good results and bad results are. A good effect, a person could say, would be for regions with normally cold temperatures to receive warmer temperatures for their normal. Yet, there are
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Blake Lewis Professor Eskandari Political Science 132 December 5, 2005 Unessentially Estranged Chapter two of Glenn Tinders, Political Thinking: The Perennial Questions on estrangement and unity asks us whether we as humans are estranged in essence. This question really sets the tone for the rest of the book, because if humans are estranged then we would not be living together in societies, therefore not needing political science to answer such questions that deal with societies. As Tinder describes it, politics is the art of reconcilliation, and that the need for this art always arises from some kind of estrangement(23). Tinders point does not answer the question of whether or not we are truly estranged in essence, thatÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Perhaps we may say that there is an element of good even in mere living, provided that life is not excessively beset with troubles. Certainly most men, in their desire to keep alive, are prepared to face a great deal of suffering, as if finding in life itself a certain well-being and a natural sweetness . (Aristotle, Politics Book II) If man indeed is a political animal, and our commmon interest does bring us together in the hopes of having the good life or eudeamonia then it seems somewhat impossible be estranged in essence. For, by the deffinition aforementioned of being estranged man would not and certainly could not live together, and certainly not for institutions to keep those bonds strong. Afterall who in their right mind would enjoy or choose living in a state of hostility. Aristotle would almost certainly dissapprove of this version of nature. Living in a state of hostility for him would be almost a tyrannical form of life with fear as the tyrant itself. Since Aristotle ultimately approves of a Monarchy aiming at the common interest he admits that humans do suffer from feelings of estrangement but that a single outstanding man (or small group) can, through reason, render useless feelings of estrangement in a society by way of distributive justice. Meanwhile, Thomas Hobbes asserting his viewpoint of pr e-political man as a war, of every man against every man (Leviathan)Show MoreRelatedAnne Finchs Opposition to The Rape of the Lock Essay examples1412 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAnne Finchs Opposition to The Rape of the Lock The Restoration Period (1660-1700) was a period of social, political and philosophical turmoil, which laid the foundation for future centuries. This period was marked by an advance in colonization and trade and by the birth of the Whig and Tory parties. In poetry, works of Alexander Pope and Anne Finch and a number of other poets distinguishes the Restoration. But, there are several objections from these poets; one particular opposition occurs betweenRead MoreKarl Marx And The Great Philosopher Essay988 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesUniversity of Berlin by his parents. Marx earned his degree in philosophy and began writing for Rheinische Zeitung, a liberal democratic newspaper. He later became their editor. Marx was a member of Young Hegelian movement which was group that criticized Christianity and the liberal resistance of the Prussian autocracy. Marx engaged in numerous revolutionary movements; However, after the failures he was driven to London in 1849. For most of his life, Marx was no t working alone. Marx worked with FriedrichRead MoreMarx And Engels s Theory Of Human Alienation Essay1455 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesTruth and Ideas. He derails from Marx and Engels in the sense that Plato never believed in an Ã¢â¬Å"inevitableÃ¢â¬ Communist Revolution, but in a possible political revolution, needed in order to maintain moderation and avoid the clash of ideas in society. Where Marx and Engels believe in communism for the good of economy, Socrates believed in communism for the good of the government and his Republic. Marx and Engels believed that the economy during the Industrial Revolution created a mechanical system in whichRead MoreMarxism Is A Method Of Socioeconomic Analysis1495 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Marxist analyses and methodologies have influenced multiple political ideologies and social movements, and Marxist understandings of history and society have been adopted by academics in the disciplines of archaeology, anthropology, media studies, political science, theater, history, sociology, art history and theory, cultural studies, education, economics, geography, literary criticism, aesthetics, critical psychology, and philosophy. Overview The Marxian analysis begins with an analysis of materialRead MoreMarx s Critique On Capitalism1474 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesand found that the constant element has been production of labor. Unlike other philosophers during the Enlightenment, Marx believed that minimal characteristics of human nature played a significant role in the shaping of society. He claimed social life emerged from the process by which meditative categories enabled historical subjects to comprehend themselves. As a result, he came to the conclusion that Capitalism is Ã¢â¬Å"theÃ¢â¬ reason in which society rationalizes greed and self-interest not human natureRead MoreExposing Nihilism in Crime and Punishment by Fyodor Dostoevsky1706 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages(Waliszewski), a maverick who believes he must deliver society from mediocrity. Deluded, he murders Alyona Ivanovna, a pawnbroker, and her unsuspecting half-sister, Lizaveta. Throughout the story, Raskolnikov undergoes transformations in all facets of his life, m any of which are attributed to his infatuation with MarmeladovÃ¢â¬â¢s humble daughter, Sonia. Forced into prostitution, she is seen by Raskolnikov as a fellow transgressor of morality, but also as a savior that will renew him. This new development causesRead MoreList of Important Topics for Essays1583 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages(1998) 57. My philosophy in life 58. In democracy the voter of the vicious and stupid count but under any other system they might be running the show.(1997) 59 The United Nations: Its triumphs and failures since its inception (1998) 60. Estrangement from our own culture is driving us on the verge of collapse, not just our identity but out morality (2005) 61. WTO (world trade organization) and its implication for developing economies like Pakistan (1997) 62. A review of the political and economicalRead MoreLegalizing Drug Use2273 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagescitizens. Marx would believe that in my society where there are different social classes, these classes would always be in a battle with one another and will be exploiting the lower class so they can make a bigger profit. In my society where the political economy is capitalism, there will be a wide variety of incomes. Some citizens will have more smarts, others will be born into the right family, and others will have better luck which will allow these people to make more money and be in a higherRead MoreReligion And Its Effects On The World2112 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesthings other than to love one another and to wait for a better life in the afterlife. Even if he does give some input that could be seen as valid information for politics or economy, should Catholics trust his word to make their decisions when he is not an expert in anything but Catholicism? Pope Francis is an example to Karl MarxÃ¢â¬â¢s theory of religion. Ã¢â¬Å"It is the opium of the peopleÃ¢â¬ (insert citation for Criticism of HegelÃ¢â¬â¢s Philosophy). Syria is in constant battle in these days. It is in the midstRead MoreThe Harsh Reality: Crime and Punishment Essay1926 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesand Punishment, published in 1866. He wields his knowledge of social psychology and pathology to weave the cautionary tale, borrowing liberally from his personal life. Its protagonist, Rodion Raskolnikov, is intelligent yet bitter and unfeeling, embodying the qualities of nihilism, the desertion of one or more meaningful aspects of life. The philosophical doctrine of nihilism is historically ubiquitous, particularly with the Nihilist Movement, one of Imperial RussiaÃ¢â¬â¢s Great Reforms, and the growing
Question: Discuss about the Language and Learning in Discipline. Answer: Introduction Brand awareness is the most vital factor for any organization to achieve long term sustainability and growth from future perspectives. To make the brand recognize worldwide the organizations are taking use of several strategic marketing techniques. The one of the highest renowned strategy is taking use of social media. Social media refers to various sites and platforms where people have a continuous presence and can have more awareness of the various brands. The present generation is getting more hitched with the brands who have a popular social media platform and which gives customers a place to buy products online. This essay will analyses the role of social media in the present marketing concepts and for making a brand more recognized by the customers and the individuals. It will also help in analyzing the positive as well as the negative outcomes of social media marketing for the companies (Michaelidou, Siamagka and Christodoulides, 2011). Use of social media marketing for increasing the brand awareness The use of social media is rapidly up surging in almost all the activities and specially the marketing and advertising of the products and services. Companies are taking use of social media platforms such as Google+, Twitter and Facebook etc. for enhancing their global reach and sales. These are few of the most renowned and easy to access social media platforms for the individuals. The manufacturing marketers are taking most of the use of these media technology for increasing their sales as well as for getting better brand awareness. These social media platforms are of high importance as they provide enormous number of benefits to the companies. These benefits include enhance public relations as through these social media platforms companies make a separate association with the individuals which is term as public relation. The greater the public relation is the improved and higher is the customer base as well as the brand awareness (Booth and Matic, 2011). These social media sites such as Facebook, Twitter, Instagram etc. are the sources by which h the organizations can have the glimpse of the ideas and opinions of the customers. Through this the companies can identify whether the brand is liked by the customers or not, what is needed to be improved and many more other things. Customers get a platform to share their opinion, experience and view point about the products, services and brand image of the company. This increases the promotion of the company which leads to extensive brand awareness (Bja and Bala?, 2014). These social media platforms offer a place to the companies to post and update their content. The content is the one which h attracts the individuals and fascinate them to be the customer of that product or service. The more facilitating the content is the higher are the potential customers and the brand recognition of the company. The content can be in the form of a blog, news, audio, video, reports etc. earlier it was a well-established notion that the online marketing is a threatening substitute for traditional marketing. Individuals have to shut down their businesses but in present scenario the situation has been changed, today the social media marketing is regarded as an additional channel for marketing instead of a substitute. The social media marketing has not overtaken traditional marketing but provided support and an improved hand to raise the brand awareness and sales of the organizations (Tuten and Solomon, 2014). Presently approximately 86% of the marketers are taking use of social media for the effective marketing of their products and most of them are getting high success and improved brand awareness (Bja and Bala?, 2014). There are brands which have developed leadership in online marketing and are recognized by these social media platforms only such as Amazon, Paytm etc. There are several benefits of social media marketing such as robust business-client association, getting feedback of customers, declined market cots, robust and increased online presence of an organization enhance the reliability of the company, high exposure, up surged sales and brand credibility. It is a two way communication channel which gives both the customers as well as the company to interact and make a strong customer-business relationship (Gensler, et al., 2013). With all above benefits there are few dark sides also of social media marketing which stop individuals to completely depend over these marketing tools. There are few things such as voiding of various privacy and legal issues of the users, aggressive advertising of the brand and lack of the knowledge regarding e-commerce. All these things lead to negative out comes such as driving the customers away, developing a negative brand image among the customers or dropping down of sales. The breaking of advertising laws is a big crime which leads to various punishments and legal penalties. This lessens the image of the company in the eyes of the customers. Individuals cut themselves from such brands which have a negative image in public which leads to negative returns (Neti, 2011). Conclusion From this essay it can be concluded that there has been extensive use of social media for the purpose of marketing which is beneficial for the companies as well as for the customers. It is a process of sharing knowledge and having a two side communication. These marketing channels give various benefits and positive outcomes to the companies such as the organizations are boosting their sales and profits enormously. There are various small companies which get huge recognition through promoting and marketing them in these social media platforms. This give a belief that without high marketing expenses organization can develop them elves and can achieve increased brand awareness. It is also necessary that the comp[anise must first get in-depth knowledge of e-commerce and also take care of all the on line advertising rules an d policies. So that they can successfully market their products without voiding any law and can have positive and improved brand awareness (Montalvo, 2011). References Bja, M., and Bala?, R., (2014). Social Media Marketing to Increase Brand Awareness, Journal of Economics and Business Research, Vol.2, Pp. 155-164, Retrieved on: 29th December, 2016, Retrieved from: https://www.uav.ro/jour/index.php/jebr/article/view/381/pdf_146 Booth, N., Matic, J. A. (2011). Mapping and leveraging influencers in social media to shape corporate brand perceptions.Corporate Communications: An International Journal,16(3), 184-191. Gensler, S., Vlckner, F., Liu-Thompkins, Y., Wiertz, C. (2013). Managing brands in the social media environment.Journal of Interactive Marketing,27(4), 242-256. Michaelidou, N., Siamagka, N. T., Christodoulides, G. (2011). Usage, barriers and measurement of social media marketing: An exploratory investigation of small and medium B2B brands.Industrial marketing management,40(7), 1153-1159. Montalvo, R. E. (2011). Social media management.International Journal of Management Information Systems (IJMIS),15(3), 91-96. Neti, S. (2011). Social media and its role in marketing.International Journal of Enterprise Computing and Business Systems,1(2), 1-15. Tuten, T. L., Solomon, M. R. (2014).Social media marketing. Sage.
Question: Discuss about the Substandard Dwellings and Affordability Problems. Answer: Introduction Health is the state of being free from illness but while this definition appears quite simple, practically it is quite complex. Due to increased health needs, the term health has expanded further to encompass other elements management. There are so many determinants that define the health condition of an individual (Weightman et al., 2012). These determinants do not in any case exists on their own and therefore they are interlinked. To fully understand the various determinants of health, most countries set up several community health agencies and organizations to work closely with the people and carryout assessments. The social factors have been linked with affects or determination of the health status of people. This is the reason as to why agencies in communities create awareness, lobby for improved working conditions and contribute to the social and economic status of people to promote good health (Wadsworth et al., 2006). Initially, the health policies were based on provision of funds for medical services, while social determinants were not deeply explored. This essay therefore focusses on the social determinants of health in a community by analyzing and reviewing the fair society and healthy lives on the basis of Marmot review. There are many groups of people among the communities such as aboriginals, immigrants the elderly and the disabled who face great challenges in meeting the health care services. The determinants of health in social perspective affects the health status in different ways (Weightman et al., 2012). For instance, the place, level of education, income status, family, friends and the environment affects the health condition of people. As such, the people who have a good access to health care have proper financial abilities and hence they are less affected by the social factors of health. On most occasions, there are problems in finding out how the determinants of health can be resolved. It is often proposed that one approach would be through a collaboration between the government, health professionals, media and non-governmental organizations. The social determinants of health Social status and income go hand in hand in the determination of the health status of the people in a society. For example, the ability to afford a low cost and secure housing facility in an individuals lifetime determines to a great extent the health status of that person and hence good health. If people do not have income and cannot afford good housing facilities, this could be responsible for illnesses and possible premature death (Wadsworth et al., 2006). People living in the streets are prone to both physical as well as mental illnesses as compared to other people. Additionally, the homeless people are prone to communicable diseases and drug abuse which lowers the quality of their health. The social determinants are described as the social and economic factors that prevail in a certain place which help in the determination of the health outcomes in the population living in the specified area. The social determinants are quite crucial in health since nearly all diseases globally are a direct consequence of several exposures to either raise or lower health risks. Some of the social influences to health include education, income, health literacy, environment, culture, gender and employment status among many more (Preda and Voigt, 2015). The social determinants determine the manner in which the resources are spent to satisfy the needs of the people to survive in a given environment. When considering the cultural beliefs in social determinants, culture affects the behaviors and choices that people make. Some cultures could allow the consumption of alcohol and tobacco in the diet which is affected by the material status of the people. However, this approach cannot offer good information concerning how these issues affect the incidences and mortalities arising from a certain disease. The materialist or structuralism approach deals with the materials of the people such as working conditions, social amenities, affordable and quality food, and shelter. This approach combines the social and economic factors and how they affect human health. The total wealth of a country that people live in indicates the lifespan attributed to the nature of wealth distribution. The impact of social factors The impact of social factors in the context of health could lead to increase or a decrease in the mortality rates resulting from one or several communicable diseases. For instance, when there are better social conditions, there could be a reduction in deaths when a communicable disease strikes the community. This is due to improved social conditions like proper diet, hygiene and housing facilities. This would in turn lead to increased life expectancy since the burden of diseases now takes a shift to chronic illnesses only. For instance, Novoa et al., (2015) suggests that the poor housing facilities cause poor health status to the community members. In other cases, the social cohesion norms and the structural nature of the society determine the health status of the people more so when the women, children, elderly and the disabled are alienated from social services. According to Forchuk et al., (2016), some social determinants of health like income and housing facilities causes huge im pacts to the mental health. Thus, there are some community based agencies who have taken an initiative to address issues of housing to reduce cases of homelessness and offer houses to people, especially those suffering from mental illnesses management. The medical care plays vital roles in prolonging survival and improvement in the prognosis of complicated diseases. This is because the health of the whole population depends on the social as well as economic status which make people unwell and have the need for seeking medical care services (Wickham et al., 2016). This generally indicates that the universal health services provision is a major social determent of health conditions of a society. Therefore, the nurses have a great role to play in addressing the social determinants of health through the engagement of different health care practices to help the people through various public policies. The nurses also need to assist people in acknowledging the need for social status in the promotion of good health (Preda and Voigt, 2015). Other poverty reduction initiatives that can be undertaken to lower social inequalities include employment opportunities, and social inclusion. Moreover, the communities nowadays are working harder to mo ve the hospital based services to the community level in form of community-based health services to create more employment opportunities and reach out to as many people as possible. On the basis of the social gradient, the life expectancy of the people on the lower part of the social ladder is shorter since more diseases are common to them as compared to those on the top. Moreover, people below the social ladder suffer twice the risk of getting serious illnesses and premature deaths as those on the top of the ladder (Wilkinson and Marmot, 2003). This also indicates that such health effects are not limited to the poor people, because the social gradient runs across the society but at different magnitudes. In this case, it is possible to find that among the employed middle class people, there are high infections suffering as compared to the higher ranking staff members. In the United Kingdom, there are various local and national level strategies in place to reduce health inequalities (Connoly, 2014). These include; Local level: Good parenting programs management and creating a smooth transition from home to school. This strategy is based on the Marmot review because children who are neither in school, education or in employment could be involved in unhealthy behaviors and practices. National level: Performing of economic impact tools to support the local authorities on proper ways to invest in social determinants of health. This review describes the concept of health inequalities resulting from the role of social factors. This review gives an evidenced based method of addressing the condition in which people are born, raised and age with respect to the health status. It is argued in this review that initially, the government in England would focusses social resources and services to some societal segments leading to unequal health outcomes (Marmot et al., 2010). In order to reduce health inequalities and offer improved health to all people, there needs to be equal health resources distribution across the society. This review is commonly termed as the Fair society Healthy lives and Marmot aimed to address six objectives: Every child should be given the best start of their lives. All children, youths and adults should have the best and personal control of their own lives. Every person should be assured of a healthy living standard. The need to create strong roles and impacts to the prevention of illnesses. The employees need to be provided with fair and good working conditions to prevent illnesses. The need to create sustainable and healthy environment for the communities. According to this review, it is notable that most people in England die earlier than they are supposed to and they spend most of their lives in ill health. The social gradient resulting from health inequalities lowers the social status thus negatively affecting the health of those people. The social factors act in a complex interaction of education, isolation, disabilities, age, housing and income, all which are based on the social status and hence health outcomes. Conclusion Health is not merely the absence of a disease, because it is so broad extending towards its effect to the social wellbeing of an individual. Other types of social factors are stress, food, social support and social exclusion among others. Therefore, the social determinants of health need to be taken with close consideration in the process of developing the treatment plan of a patient. In the event that nurses are assigned to work in depressed communities, they need first to understand the underlying causes of such depression with relation to social determinants and come up with proper solutions. Various agencies should therefore come up with means of offering equitable access to health care services among all people. References Forchuk, C., Dickins, K., Corring, D. J. (2016). Social Determinants of Health: Housing and Income. Healthcare quarterly (Toronto, Ont.), 18, 27-31. Marmot, M.G., Allen, J., Goldblatt, P., Boyce, T., McNeish, D., Grady, M. and Geddes, I., 2010. Fair society, healthy lives: Strategic review of health inequalities in England post-2010. Novoa, A.M., Ward, J., Malmusi, D., Daz, F., Darnell, M., Trilla, C., Bosch, J. and Borrell, C., 2015. How substandard dwellings and housing affordability problems are associated with poor health in a vulnerable population during the economic recession of the late 2000s. International journal for equity in health, 14(1), p.120. Preda, A. and Voigt, K., 2015. The social determinants of health: Why should we care?. The American Journal of Bioethics, 15(3), pp.25-36. Wadsworth, M., Butterworth, S., Marmot, M.G. and Wilkinson, R.G., 2006. Social determinants of health. Weightman, A.L., Morgan, H.E., Shepherd, M.A., Kitcher, H., Roberts, C. and Dunstan, F.D., 2012. Social inequality and infant health in the UK: systematic review and meta-analyses. BMJ open, 2(3), p.e000964. Wickham, S., Anwar, E., Barr, B., Law, C. and Taylor-Robinson, D., 2016. Poverty and child health in the UK: using evidence for action. Archives of disease in childhood, pp.archdischild-2014. Wilkinson, R. and Marmot, M (2003). Social Determinants of Health. The Solid Facts. 2nd edn. Each chapter starts with a section What is known focus on these. Connolly., N, (2014). Reducing health inequalities- key resources. www.gov.UK. Retrieved from https://publichealthmatters.blog.gov.uk/2014/10/03/reducing-health-inequalities-key-resources/
Thursday, April 23, 2020
The Secret Life of Bees (Book Overview) Ch. 1: -1964 -Lily is 13 going on 14 -lives with father (Terrance Ray aka T. Ray), their black housekeeper and nanny- Rosaleen -mother died when Lily was 4 -live in Sylvan, South Carolina -T. Ray runs a peach farm -Lily helps by selling peaches roadside -not allowed to be social -wears only clothes she sews - men taunt Rosaleen when she goes to vote- spit chewing tobacco on their shoes -men accost Rosaleen and call police -Lily and Rosaleen go to jail Ch. 2 3: -Mr. Avery Gatson , the policeman, drives them to jail - three men wait for them at jail and demand an apology - one hits Rosaleen with a flashlight when she refuses to apologize -T. Ray comes to take Lily out but leaves Rosaleen -Franklin Posey plans to kill Rosaleen -T. Ray scolds Lily, but she says her mom will not let him hurt her -he laughs at her and tells her Deborah had already abandoned her -Lily runs away and goes to the jail, but Brother Gerald picks her up and tells her Rosaleen had been taken to the hospital - three men entered jail and beat her further -visits Rosaleen in hospital -Lily tricks security guard with phone call and slips out hospital with Rosaleen -black man driving truck full of cantaloupe picks them up and drives them withing three miles of Tiburon -gives them cantaloupe for dinner -Lily tells Rosaleen why they are heading to Tiburon and Rosaleen gets upsetaccusing Lily of not taking Rosaleen into account when she ran off -they fight and split apart -later Rosaleen and Lily bathe together in the river - when Lily enters a store, she notices a selection of Black Madonna Honey jarsthey have pictures of the picture from her mother -clerk tells her the maker, August Boatwright, lives on the other side of Tiburon -buys paper to see if disappearance has made the news, but it hasn't Ch. 4 5: -arrive at Boatwright house -Lily lies and tells August that she and Rosaleen have run away because her father died in a tractor accidentshe claims they are headed to Virginia to be with her Aunt Bernie - Rosaleen gets irritated at Lily for lying and acting as if she is not there -August welcomes them -spend a week there -Lily overhears June making comments about her skin color -August runs the bee farm with the help of Zach -television constantly talks about desegregation which makes Lily very self-conscious about her race -August teaches Lily about honey farming -Lily wonders if T. Ray misses her -misses mother - Rosaleen is jealous over all the time Lily is spending with August Ch. 6 7: -tall black man named Neil is June's sweetheart -June refuses to marry him -relaxed into the Boatwright routine but is still nervous when hearing the wail of a siren -Zach makes Lily feel things she had never felt before -Zach wants to be a lawyer -Lily wants to be an English teacher -Lily realizes she has developed romantic feelings for Zach -suspects he feels the same for her - Willifred Marchant town's most prized writer - Rosaleen is moving out to the main house to share a room with May -tells Lily that Rosaleen's presence will make May feel safer -tension between June and Lily continues to grow -Zach brings Lily a notebook for her to use to work on her stories -explains that society will never allow them to be together Ch. 8: -August asks Lily to help her apply the new Black Madonna labels on the honey jars -explains symbolism behind the black Mary -August was never married because she did not want to give up her autonomy -listen to the secret sounds bees make while inside their homes -August tells Lily that they need to have a talk - Zach reports a rumor: a white movie star is coming to town and intends to see a movie with his black girlfriend -Zach goes to drop off honey at Clayton Forrest's office -Lily goes with him -Ms. Lacy, Mr. Forrest's secretary, is surprised that Lily is staying at a black
Tuesday, March 17, 2020
A - H Glossary of College Terms By term: A - H | I - R | S - Z College Terms: A - H Academic Probation: If your grades fall below a certain level, your campus may place you on academic probation. This traditionally means that you need to raise your GPA or face the possibility of being removed from your school for academic reasons. Adjunct Professor: A professor who is usually part-time or not on campus with a long-term contract (and, consequently, not eligible for tenure). Alumna: Female graduate or former student. Alumnae: Female graduates or former students. Alumni: Male graduates or both male and female graduates. Alumnus: Male graduate or former student. Area Coordinator (AC): This person usually oversees an area of your residence hall, or an area of your campus. They have more responsibility, and may sometimes supervise, Resident Advisers (RAs). Area Director (AD): This is usually just another title for an Area Coordinator (AC). Board of Directors/Board of Trustees: Most colleges have a board that oversees all parts of the campus. Traditionally, the board hire s (and possibly fires) a president; manages the college or universityÃ¢â¬â¢s finances; and is responsible for all major policy decisions. Many college and university boards comprise alumni, faculty, staff, community leaders, and (sometimes) students. Board of Regents: Similar to how a Board of Trustees oversees a single college or university, a Board of Regents traditionally oversees a state system of public colleges or universities. College: In contrast to a university, a college traditionally only offers undergraduate degrees and programs. (There are, of course, some exceptions to this definition.) Commencement: Usually another name for graduation. Convocation: On some campuses, each year starts with a convocation ceremony where the new class is officially welcomed and the academic year formally begins. Dean: A Dean is someone traditionally in charge of a major area of a college. For example, there may be a Dean of Students, a Dean of the Faculty, and a Dean of Arts Sciences. Discipline: On a college campus, a discipline is often synonymous with a major. It usually refers to a field of study. (Of course, if you are charged with violating campus or community rules, you may be required to have a disciplinary hearingÃ¢â¬ ¦and t hat definition is more traditional!) Discourse: A conversation, exchange of words, or dialogue, usually incorporating a wide range of views and opinions. Faculty: The faculty, or a faculty member, is generally anyone who teaches at the college. FAFSA: The Free Application for Federal Student Aid. This form is required for any student who wants to be considered for federal aid of any kind. Make sure you get your form in by the deadline! Fees: Fees can be charged for anything from seeing a doctor in the campus health center to returning your library books late. Additionally, you may see something listed as student fees, which cover some student services that the school provides and/or may be the basis for the student government budget. Financial Aid: Anything related to the way you are paying for school. Loans, scholarships, grants, work awards, and any other resource you use are all considered part of your financial aid. Graduate Assistant/Graduate Adviser (GA): A GA is often the same thing as a Graduate Student Instruc tor (GSI). Graduate Instructor (GI): A GI is often the same thing as a Graduate Student Instructor (GSI). Graduate Student Instructor (GSI): A GSI is often a graduate student who helps out in your classes. They made grade papers, lead seminar discussions, and sometimes teach classes. Grants: Similar to scholarships in that you dont need to pay them back. Some grants may be connected to your course of study or allow you to do research while still having your financial needs taken care of. (For example, you may earn a grant to cover your room and board while you do summer research with a professor.) Hall Coordinator (HC): A hall coordinator is typically in charge of your entire hall and oversees Resident Advisers (RAs). Hall Council (HC): A Hall Council is a small governing body that serves as a student voice and helps make decisions and plan programs for your hall community; frequently the same thing as a Residence Council. Hall Director (HD): Hall Directors are often the same things as Hall Co ordinators (HCs).